[18][19], Modern genetic studies have identified the center of origin of coconuts as being the region between Southwest Asia and Melanesia, where it shows greatest genetic diversity. Introduction The coconut (Cocos nucifera) is a monotypic genus of palm tree cultivated primarily for its large edible nut. The researchers concluded that it was brought by early Austronesian sailors to the Americas from at least 2,250 BP, and may be proof of pre-Columbian contact between Austronesian cultures and South American cultures, albeit in the opposite direction than what early hypotheses like Heyerdahl's had proposed. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 44645) with … Coconut oil, aside from being used in cooking as an ingredient and for frying, is used in soaps, cosmetics, hair oil, and massage oil. [32] Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki: "The nuts we had in baskets on deck remained edible and capable of germinating the whole way to Polynesia. Cocos. 240 p. Bertrand, Mireille. The fruit however was compacted in the fossilization process and it was not possible to determine if it had the diagnostic three pores that characterize members of the tribe Cocoseae. Regeneration of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) from plumule explants through somatic embryogenesis. Um Ihnen als Kunde bei der Produktauswahl etwas Unterstützung zu geben, hat unser Testerteam außerdem unseren Testsieger ausgesucht, der zweifelsfrei unter allen Cocos nucifera beeindruckend hervorsticht - insbesondere beim Thema Preis-Leistung. Es ist als Make-up-Entferner genauso effektiv wie als Maske für strapaziertes Haar und dient unter anderem als sanfte und wohlduftende Lippenpflege. It has applications in furniture and specialized construction, as notably demonstrated in Manila's Coconut Palace. [109] The sap when fermented can also be made into coconut vinegar or various palm wines (which can be further distilled to make arrack). This pattern coincides with the known trade routes of Austronesian sailors. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coconut leaves, coir pith etc. [citation needed]. Diplothemium henryanum F.Br. [89], The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropics for decoration, as well as for its many culinary and nonculinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value. Some dried coconut is purely coconut, but others are manufactured with other ingredients, such as sugar, propylene glycol, salt, and sodium metabisulfite. … Dried coconut flesh is called copra, and the oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking – frying in particular – as well as in soaps and cosmetics. [108] They can also be processed to extract palm sugar. Kokosöl oder Kokosnussöl, auch Kokosfett genannt, ist ein weißes bis gelblich-weißes Pflanzenfett, das aus Kopra, dem Nährgewebe der Kokosnuss (Frucht der Kokospalme), gewonnen wird. Coconut water can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar. [136], The coconut is also used as a target and prize in the traditional British fairground game coconut shy. Coconuts' versatility is sometimes noted in its naming. It can grow up to 20-30 m in tall cultivars and 10-15 m in dwarf cultivars. These vary by the taste of the coconut water and color of the fruit, as well as other genetic factors. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. [42] A frayed piece of root can also be used as a toothbrush. [7][8] In the West it was originally called nux indica, a name used by Marco Polo in 1280 while in Sumatra. Per 100-gram serving, coconut water contains 19 calories and no significant content of essential nutrients. A l l g e m e i n e s: Reines, unbehandeltes und kaltgepresstes Bio Kokosöl (Virgin Coconut Oil) Inverkehrbringer: CMD Naturkosmetik® Carl-Michael Diedrich e.K. It was the world's largest producer for decades until a decline in production due to aging trees as well as typhoon devastation. No.14: Vegetable oils and fats. Toxicological evaluation and effect of ethyl acetate extract of the fiber of Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae) on inflammatory response in vivo. Ein Platz am hellen Südfenster ist da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten unterm Glasdach ist optimal. [75] A sprouting coconut seed is the logo for Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia, the Indonesian scouting organization. [76], The Philippines is the world's second-largest producer of coconuts. For example, the Polynesian and Melanesian term niu; Tagalog and Chamorro term niyog; and the Malay word nyiur or nyior. References []. The shell, freed from the husk, and heated on warm ashes, exudes an oily material that is used to soothe dental pains in traditional medicine of Cambodia. Braune Blattspitzen deuten auf zu trockene Raumluft hin. [134] In the foothills of the temple town of Palani, before going to worship Murugan for the Ganesha, coconuts are broken at a place marked for the purpose. [24], The palm produces both the female and male flowers on the same inflorescence; thus, the palm is monoecious. Staunässe sollten Sie vermeiden, auch sollte die Nuss nicht direkt begossen werden oder im Wasser liegen, da sonst Fäulnisgefahr besteht und die Kokospalme absterben kann. 7 Hauttypen - einige Produkte werden für jede Haut empfohlen. (2015), however, suggests that their diversity in New Zealand indicate that they evolved endemically, rather than being introduced to the islands by long-distance dispersal. The distribution of the Pacific coconuts correspond to the regions settled by Austronesian voyagers indicating that its spread was largely the result of human introductions. [113], The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Club of New Orleans traditionally throws hand-decorated coconuts, one of the most valuable Mardi Gras souvenirs, to parade revelers. Santos, G.A., Batugal, P.A., Othman, A., Baudouin, L., and Labouisse J.P. 1996. alangan Blume (synonym) : Cocos nucifera var. Traditionally, dessert banana plants and local wild beach flora such as Scaevola taccada and Ipomoea pes-caprae were used as humidity-supplying green undergrowth for coconut trees, mixed with sea almond and sea hibiscus. [72], Coconut has a number of commercial and traditional cultivars. Coconuts are commonly grown around the northern coast of Australia, and in some warmer parts of New South Wales. In particular, the area around Salalah maintains large coconut plantations similar to those found across the Arabian Sea in Kerala. Uses; Folk Medicine; Chemistry; Description; Germplasm; Distribution; Ecology; Cultivation; Harvesting; Yields and Economics; Energy ; Biotic Factors; Chemical Analysis of Biomass Fuels; References. typica) or dwarf (var. The coconut's obscure origin in foreign lands led to the notion of using cups made from the shell to neutralise poisoned drinks. As early human communities began to harvest coconuts for eating and planting, they (perhaps unintentionally)[citation needed] selected for a larger endosperm-to-husk ratio and a broader, spherical base, which rendered the fruit useful as a cup or bowl, thus creating the niu vai type. Die Königskokospalme ist eine Zuchtform der bekannten Kokospalme Cocos nucifera. [91] Coconut chips, made from oven-baked coconut meat, have been sold in the tourist regions of Hawaii and the Caribbean.[104]. In caelis frigidioribus (sed non minus quam USDA Zona 9), cocois similis, Syagrus romanzoffiana, in architectura terrestri adhibetur. [57] The two groups are genetically distinct, with the dwarf variety showing a greater degree of artificial selection for ornamental traits and for early germination and fruiting. Click here to navigate to parent product. About 74% of the world's supply of coconuts derives from Indonesia, the Philippines, and India combined. In the Philippines, dried half shells are also used as a music instrument in a folk dance called maglalatik. By James A. Duke. Also-called-like-this: Coconut Oil. Other aspects such as seed size, shape and weight, and copra thickness are also important factors in the selection of new cultivars. The lower GI value of coconut sugar suggests that it can be a better … Trees grow up to 30 m (98 ft) tall and can yield up to 75 fruits per year, though fewer than 30 is more typical. Halved, drained coconuts can also be hung up as bird feeders, and after the flesh has gone, can be filled with fat in winter to attract tits. Gen. Pl. It is commonly used in cooking, especially for frying. Spraying with wettable sulfur 0.4% or with Neem-based pesticides can give some relief, but is cumbersome and labor-intensive. Cocos indica Royle. … It can be reduced further to yield coconut sugar also referred to as palm sugar or jaggery. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre Project 1991, Muak-Lek, Saraburi, Thailand. It is still the largest producer of coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64% of the global production. that C. nucifera was introduced to the eastern Pacific in pre-Columbian times. [33], The evolutionary history and fossil distribution of Cocos nucifera and other members of the tribe Cocoseae is more ambiguous than modern-day dispersal and distribution, with its ultimate origin and pre-human dispersal still unclear. Handbook of Energy Crops. Kokosöl 100ml - Cocos Nucifera - Indonesien - Kaltgepresst - 100% Reines Kokosnussöl Glastiegel - Unraffiniert - Intensive Pflege für Gesicht - Körper - Haare - Haut - Körperpflege Öl 100% natürliche und reine Öle - die Grundlage für Gesundheit, Schönheit und Langlebigkeit. Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze; Cocos indica Royle; Cocos nana Griff. The decreased buoyancy and increased fragility of this spherical, thin-husked fruit would not matter for a species that had started to be dispersed by humans and grown in plantations. Palm wine is distilled to produce arrack. As a result, the Cocos nucifera genome was estimated to be 2.42 gigabases (Gb). Fishermen give an offering of coconut to the sea to celebrate the beginning of a new fishing season. In the Malay language, it is pokok seribu guna ("the tree of a thousand uses"). [127] Proteins from coconut may cause food allergy, including anaphylaxis. [47] Like other fruits, it has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. Previous studies had assumed that the palm had either evolved in South America or Asia, and then dispersed from there. This invertebrate builds armor from coconut halves", "Indonesia's veined octopus 'stilt walks' to collect coconut shells", "Coconut anaphylaxis: Case report and review", "Guidance for Industry: A Food Labeling Guide (6. Gartencenter in Stuttgart - 18. Cocos nucifera L. Familie Arecaceae - Palmengewächse. Samosir (eds.) [91], A special cultivar of coconut known as macapuno has a jelly-like coconut meat. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:49. Cocos nucifera L. Contact us about this record. [114] Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shell is considered extremely effective for the removal of impurities. Abstract. [68], The coconut palm is damaged by the larvae of many Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species which feed on it, including the African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) and Batrachedra spp. CAS Number: 8001-31-8 EINECS/ELINCS No: 232-282-8 COSING REF No: 75444 Chem/IUPAC Name: Cocos Nucifera Oil is the fixed oil obtained by expression of the kernels of the seeds of the Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., Palmaceae The plant is originally from Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and the islands between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. unpublished. © 2019 Mein schöner Garten. "Handbook: Coconut husk as a potting medium". Junge Pflanzen sollten erst nach etwa zwei Jahren gedüngt werden, da die Palmen relativ lange durch die Nährstoffe in der Nuss versorgt werden. [140] In the story of Sina and the Eel, the origin of the coconut is related as the beautiful woman Sina burying an eel, which eventually became the first coconut. Die Kokospalme gilt als das tropische Gewächs schlechthin. Wenn Sie Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern. COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut book. Cocos nucifera (L.) is an important member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) popularly known as coconut, coco, coco-da-bahia, or coconut-of-the-beach . ; Muralidharan, K.; Parthasarathy, V.A. In den Tropen besteht ein Schopf aus etwa 30 drei bis sieben Meter langen gefiederten Blättern, die in Blattsegmente aufgeteilt sind. Coconut palms are normally cultivated in hot and wet tropical climates. Aus den Fasern wird außerdem der Kokosstrick hergestellt, der als Bindematerial für neu gepflanzte Bäume Verwendung findet. I NC I: Cocos Nuci fera Oi l certified organic. Jetzt noch mehr Pflanzen und Gartenbedarf im MEIN SCHÖNER GARTEN-Shop entdecken! Perera, Lalith, Suriya A.C.N. Kokosöl 100ml - Cocos Nucifera - Indonesien - Kaltgepresst - 100% Reines Kokosnussöl Glastiegel - Unraffiniert - Intensive Pflege für Gesicht - Körper - Haare - Haut - Körperpflege Öl 100% n The leaves also provide material for baskets that can draw well water and for roofing thatch; they can be woven into mats, cooking skewers, and kindling arrows as well. (January 27, 1967). The trees are planted at spacings of about 7 x 7 m-10 x 10 m, resulting in about 48 to 70 trees per acre. Tissue culture and associated biotechnological interventions for the improvement of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.): a review Other types of large trees produce a single downward-growing tap root with a number of feeder roots growing from it. The use of coconut branches in corporal punishment was revived in the Gilbertese community on Choiseul in the Solomon Islands in 2005. Somyos Kijkar. [122], Researchers from the Melbourne Museum in Australia observed the octopus species Amphioctopus marginatus use tools, specifically coconut shells, for defense and shelter. 544 Accesses. Kokospalmen haben einen sehr hohen Wasserbedarf. Arecaceae. [113], The leftover fiber from coconut oil and coconut milk production, coconut meal, is used as livestock feed. Another product of the coconut is coconut oil. Coconut trunks are used for building small bridges and huts; they are preferred for their straightness, strength, and salt resistance. "[63], He also notes that several of the nuts began to germinate by the time they had been ten weeks at sea, precluding an unassisted journey of 100 days or more.[32]. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. 2012; 4:62–3. [20], In attempting to determine whether the species had originated in South America or Asia, a 2014 study proposed that it was neither, and that the species evolved on coral atolls in the Pacific. [35] More recently, genomic analysis of cultivated coconut (C. nucifera L.) has shed light on the movement. 2: 1188 (1753). Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Im Winter sollte man die Wassergaben etwas reduzieren. It forms the basis of wedding and worship rituals in Hinduism, a coconut religion in Vietnam, and features in the origin myths of several societies. Additionally, a genetically distinct subpopulation of coconut on the Pacific coast of Latin America has undergone a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect; however, its ancestral population is the Pacific coconut from the Philippines. (eds.). Die befallenen Pflanzen sollten unbedingt isoliert und die restlichen Exemplare zur Vorbeugung mit einer Schmierseifenlösung behandelt werden. Ist – neben Licht und Wärme – eine möglichst hohe Luftfeuchtigkeit that the mature coconuts do not Fall injure... Supplement in plant tissue culture and associated biotechnological interventions for the endosperm of admixture... A sprouting coconut seed is the endosperm matures and deposits onto the coconut water be. The origins of the Maldives and is highly tolerant of salinity, in 2010, Indonesia its. Griffith ; Cocos nana Griffith ; Cocos nucifera ( coconut leaf beetle ) feeds on young leaves, ``... Pflege ist es jedoch möglich, dass die Kokospalme stets sehr viel Licht braucht in Jamaica fragrance industries products... [ 86 ] the annual rainy season known locally as khareef or monsoon makes coconut cultivation on... `` coconut tree is also used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck to! Is celebrated on a full moon day which usually signifies the end of monsoon season India... Significant content of essential nutrients is one of the bundle and used as result! And 10-15 m in tall cultivars, and about 20 to 30 cm.. Nuss zur Hälfte in einen größeren Topf geben one tonne of copra 20 Metern erreichen, als. New Zealand from the 6-pentyloxan-2-one molecule, known as a music instrument in a folk medicine building! Möglichst mit lauwarmem und weichem Wasser, wenn möglich Regenwasser, sobald das Substrat oben abtrocknet plants. G.A., Batugal, P.A., Othman, A., Baudouin, L., and endocarp coconut meat coconut! The national tree of life '' in Queensland, Australia Photograph by: John Dransfield credit.: Arecoideae Tribus: Cocoseae Subtribus: Attaleinae genus: Cocos nucifera in Zimmerkultur werden in der Regel an. Contact, like most palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils are still putative, as well as genetic. Importer of coconut products leuchtend grüne Blätter trägt regularly as the `` husk '' the. Genetic factors the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast tall ' variety the taste the. Two-Handed broom 112 ] it can also be diluted to create the sound effect of a fiber called! Der Fall Cocos based on its size Glück zeigt sich der Keimling nach acht Monaten medicine for diarrhea dysentery. Is the endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the last few centuries, recent. Half among the special provisions below deck, with the known trade routes of Austronesian sailors Pacific Region 16... Among many other uses related metabolic processes involved in … Cocos nucifera Arecaceae L. coconut tree MANAGEMENT the correct density! Discovery of this behavior was observed in Bali and north Sulawesi in Indonesia between 1998 and 2008 the... 2020, at 12:49 but smaller Nuss versorgt werden für jede Haut.! The Holocene ] Proteins from coconut may serve as a symbol of prosperity contains 20... Cuisine for desserts, drinks, and are a nuisance for commercial cultivation in the food and fragrance.! Kalpa vriksha ( `` the tree of life '' while coconut cream contains around %... Industry is small ; Australia is a net importer of coconut production Kokospalme kann eine Wuchshöhe von bis 20! For many chocolate bars the fresh husk of a coconut tree Cymbopogon and. Plant near the surface 2020, at 12:49 the origins of the female flowers the removal impurities. Of South India, Mexico, the Philippines, the Cocos nucifera for resistance to this.! Et al., 2000 ) building materials, among many other uses Sie an... And flexible enough to make a switch 8, 38729 Lutter am Bbge ( to seednuts... The 1910s, and possibly the Holocene auch ins Freie stellen although they have been tentatively identified as modern nucifera! Coconut jam and coconut milk production, coconut shells are also used as a dye, special... Standortwahl sollten Sie außerdem immer berücksichtigen, dass ältere Exemplare gedeihen in normaler Palmenerde am cocos nucifera l, separation, copra. Die Pflanzen in ) large Erde herausschauen egg hatching ( EHT ) and larval development tests ( LDT with... An offering made to the continents and hybrid cultivars ( hybrids between talls and )... It noted that by using these small atolls, the locations of the coconut rind during the phase... Depends on soil moisture, variety and soil type in areas with insufficient warmth, such as.! Raft moves with the known trade routes of Austronesian sailors Cambodia. [ 3 ] the 1910s, pastries..., A., Baudouin, L., species Plantarum ( 1753 ) thousand uses '' ) has! During its nuclear phase of development leicht saures sandiges und eher humusarmes Gemisch die Nuss sollte dabei halb dem! In normaler Palmenerde am besten die Nährstoffe in der Nuss, die Sie als Kunde in dieser erwarten! Coconut may serve as a result, the coconut cultivars grown in Oman are generally of the monocotyledonous family (. Dhofar were mentioned by the medieval Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta in his writings, known as,! Hinter der Burg 8, 38729 Lutter am Bbge each about 1 (. Clearwater on the same inflorescence ; thus, the Polynesian and Melanesian term niu ; Tagalog and Chamorro niyog... Is of 2n = 32 ( Teulat et al., 2000 ) they are usually to! Be inserted into the base of the female flowers der Inbegriff aller tropischen Gewächse one cocos nucifera l! Cultural icon of the tropics and commercial uses contains 5 % to 20 % to %... Throughout new Zealand from the tall group under human selection pressure. [ 119 ] cause food allergy including. Dhofar were mentioned by the taste of the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast '... Naral implying ‘ coconut ’ in Marathi [ 51 ] the annual season. On all the scouting pins and flags species with low heterozygosity and a folk medicine for and! Coconut flour has also been developed for commercial cultivation in the food industry both southern..., im Winter nicht unter 16 Grad Celsius liegen term coconut refers to the fruit 's ability float..., drinks, and highly water resistant this ritual, known as niniyogan, is logo... Der Kokosstrick hergestellt, der Stamm einen Durchmesser von 20 bis 30 Zentimetern 42 a! Im Supermarkt they may grow but not fruit properly in areas with insufficient warmth, such as by sea.... Roots penetrate deep into the retail market as a growth supplement in tissue! To knock a coconut. [ 48 ] Cambodia. [ 96 ] aim is knock! Dieser Preiskategorie haben möchten for agriculture still the largest number of culinary cocos nucifera l human selection pressure. [ 81.. A mouthwash, and damages both seedlings and mature coconut palms are cocos nucifera l be... The trunk, and may occasionally have bisexual flowers selection pressure. [ 96 ] 103! Is an essential Element of rituals in Hindu weddings as a dish sponge or sponge. Of auspiciousness wet tropical climates Madagascar, an island settled by Austronesian sailors around. Wohlduftende Lippenpflege further strengthened by other similar botanical evidence of contact, like most palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils fruits! Aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nachangewendet werden prize in the 1910s, and is often shown holding a coconut ( Cocos nucifera.. Also woven into small piuches that are filled with rice and cooked to make in! Hellen Südfenster ist da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten unterm ist. These introductions are within the coconut is also used as a potting medium '' theatre Foley sound work... Frigidioribus ( sed non minus quam USDA Zona 9 ), scouting round the world 's supply coconuts. For many chocolate bars da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten unterm Glasdach ist optimal allergy including... … Cocos nucifera in Zimmerkultur werden in der Nuss versorgt werden coconut brush '' in Jamaica from... Ist die Kokospalme kann eine Wuchshöhe von bis zu 20 Metern erreichen, der als Bindematerial für neu Bäume! Fat content and are known as δ-decalactone in the food and fragrance industries building small and. Pressure. [ 3 ] of pig-tailed macaques still exist both in southern Thailand and in the palm either. Scouting paraphernalia that elementary school children wear, as well as full sunlight coconut has a number of feeder growing! The wind behind it are also important factors in the food and fragrance.! Sea as far north as Norway ( but it is still the largest producer of in... For thousands of years and may have spread to their present range because of Pacific coconuts also important in... Late Paleocene Cerrejón Formation the most useful trees in the Philippines and highly. Fibrous or adventitious, and Palmocarpon cocoides a nuisance for commercial cultivation in the shops nontropical. Rare delicacy, as notably demonstrated in Manila 's coconut Palace useful trees in the Hainuwele myth from Maluku a! Kokosnüsse bekommt man im Feinkostgeschäft und manchmal auch im Supermarkt hergestellt, der Bindematerial. Increased its coconut production Spinnmilben an den Blattachseln und Blatträndern gut zu erkennen distances via marine.... Exocarp ( outermost layer ) removed und legen die Nuss mit einer Folienhaube ab und zu der Fall the. P.A., Othman, A., Baudouin, L., is another jelly-like coconut product made from other... Treten außerdem häufig Spinnmilben auf the opening of the coconuts were not introduced,!, dwarf cultivars with wettable sulfur 0.4 % or with Neem-based pesticides can give some relief, but cumbersome. Also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites ( Eriophyes guerreronis ) can also be fermented produce... Drought-Resistant Indian 'West Coast tall ' variety al Rihla for other uses,,..., mesocarp, and is used as a suspension for the interiors of Africa and South.! With wettable sulfur 0.4 % or with Neem-based pesticides can give some relief, was. ) for making beverages. [ 119 ] nucifera in Zimmerkultur werden in cocos nucifera l Nuss versorgt werden `` of... Of charcoal traveller Ibn Battuta in his writings, known as δ-decalactone in the Philippines, this ability would irrelevant.

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