It was only in the third generation, when the parental characters had been well stirred to provide a richly stocked genetic pool in which to fish, that selection began. It had many remarkable characteristics which suit it to the harsh environment of northern Australia and which ensured its acceptance by the industry. Some authorities date the domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and others almost half that amount of time. The cattle have good weight gain and good fertility. By 1968 the first fruits of selection among the third generation began to emerge. Their docile nature and good performance have been recognized by Pacific Islands and the Philippines where improvement in livestock population is carefully monitored. On the other hand, the humped cattle of Asia and Africa, known collectively as zebus, are well adapted to tropical conditions. Eight bulls, surplus to requirements and carefully tested for fertility and growth, were sold at auction that year and averaged $900 each. The first small matings of selected animals were therefore not made until 1966, with all the emphasis being placed on performance, not looks. Between 1950 and 1954 a further 15 bulls and 16 cows of the American Brahman breed and fairly large numbers of Santa Gertrudis were imported. Please mail your original copies with our email form With its … Their docile nature and good performance have been recognized by Pacific Islands and the Philippines where improvement in livestock population is … A Belmont Red bull. One evening in Melbourne, during an adjourned CSIRO Executive meeting, the Chairman, Sir Ian Clunies Ross, sat down with Dr Jim Rendel and mapped out the future of ‘Belmont’ and its breeding program which Rendel directed. Although the genetics of Brangus are stabilized, the International Brangus The Belmont Red can be regarded as approximately one-half Afrikaner, one-quarter Shorthorn and one-quarter Hereford. Comparisons were based on reproduction, growth, carcase and meat characteristics, environmental adaptation and survival. At the same time 8 bulls and 2 cows of another zebu breed, the Afrikaner, were imported for use alongside Brahmans at ‘Belmont’. They are the nicest cattle I’ve ever had to handle. Had red been the chosen colour, there would never have been any trouble with the appearance of blacks as off-colour individuals, since red-to-red breeds true." These cattle should be a beautiful cherry red and not have any black hairs any where on the body. The breed has been developed to improve the fertility of Bos indicus breeds while retaining the characteristics of heat and tick tolerance. They have a smooth and short haired coat … BRANGUS CHARACTERISTICS Registered Brangus (Red Brangus) are animals of 5/8 Angus or Red Angus breeding and 3/8 Brahman or Zebu breeding. In the production and mating of these generations a policy of no selection was practised quite deliberately. In 1972, the first Belmont Red bulls we released went to a property near Rockhampton. One of the oldest French breeds of cattle, the Charolais, was developed in the Charolles district in central France from native cattle bred with some Shorthorn infusion. Droughtmaster is good meat quality and parasite resistance. First cross animals were produced from 1954 to 1960 with numbers gradually building up. Seifert Belmont Reds is a commercially focused beef cattle breeding and seedstock bull producer. They were brought up in tough conditions which tested them thoroughly. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); We even exposed them to cattle ticks and grazed them on low It has a smooth short haired coat which is predominantly red in colour, they may have some white occasinally. There are white color available, only on the tail switch and udder. He selected 18 American Brahmans (9 bulls and 9 cows) and one Santa Gertrudis bull for importation. The Belmont Red has exhibited higher fertility than pure Bos indicus breeds and better than most other Bos indicus X Bos taurus crosses. In time the Genetics Section grew in size and responsibilities and was made an independent Division of Animal Genetics, in 1959 with Rendel as Chief. 1873. Cattle Characteristics and Reproduction Cattle are very social animals, that get their food by grazing in pastures and grasslands. [Source: McKay A, 1976, ‘Cattle for the tropics’, In: Belmont Red bull drawing by Robert Ingpen. Strydom, R.T. Naudé, M.F. The Belmont Red was developed by crossing Afrikaner cattle, imported from America, with Herefords and Shorthorns in a research program that extended over the 1950s and 1960s. Its genetic background is approximately 50 percent Africander, 25 percent Hereford and 25 percent Shorthorn. “Belmont Reds combine the production and beef quality traits of the British breeds, with the advantage of superior adaptation including tick and parasite resistance, heat tolerance and drought resistance, as well as calving ease and small birth weight calves, from their African heritage,” she said. From 1953 ‘Belmont’ was managed on behalf of the Meat Board by CSIRO and operated as a research station. Recognised breeds are pre-packed parcels of genes with a trademark. The Belmont Red was bred by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization’s (CSIRO) Division of Animal Genetics near Rockhampton in Queensland, Australia. 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